Trace Elements In Animal Production systems
About this book
This book contains the peer-reviewed papers of the first International Symposium on Trace Elements in Animal Production Systems. It deals with trace elements, such as cobalt, copper, iron, manganese, selenium and zinc which are essential to modern animal nutrition, but are increasingly detrimental to soil and water quality in today's globalized production. The goal in finding a sustainable balance between trace element use in animal nutrition and its impact on the environment is addressed by focussing on the following questions:
- What is the trace element flow on farm, regional or national scale and which tools are available to influence the flow?
- What are today's and future soil and water quality in regards to trace minerals?
- What are the trace mineral loading limits in soil and water from a health and legal standpoint?
- Which technologies exist to modify slurry trace element contents?
- What is today's knowledge on quantitative and qualitative trace element requirements and recommended supplementation for ruminants, swine, poultry, fish and crustaceans?
- What is trace element bioavailability and how can it be determined?
- To which extent are trace minerals related to immune response?
- What are the future issues to be addressed in trace element nutrition?
Ideal for: researchers and professionals in the life sciences of animal nutrition, soil and water quality, for actors in the feed industry and policy making.
- Preface 13 P. Schlegel, S. Durosoy and A.W. Jongbloed
- Introduction 15 G. Chazot
- Scientific committee 17
- Environment 19
- Worldwide growth of animal production and environmental consequences 21 P.J. Gerber and H. Steinfeld
- Assessment and reduction of heavy metal input into agro-ecosystems 33 H. Eckel, U. Roth, H. Döhler and U. Schultheiß
- Copper and zinc accumulation in sandy soils and constructed wetlands receiving pig manure effluent applications 45 J.M. Novak, A.A. Szogi and D.W. Watts
- Livestock manure management and treatment: implications for heavy metal inputs to agricultural soils 55 F.A. Nicholson and B.J. Chambers
- Consideration of heavy metals in manure recycling strategies in South East Asia in the nutrient flux model NuFlux 63 H. Menzi
- Impact of aquaculture on aquatic environment: trace minerals discharge 77 S.P. Lall and J.E. Milley
- Farm-scale nutrient and trace element dynamics in dairy farming 89 I. Öborn, H. Bengtsson, G.M Gustafson, J. Holmqvist, A.-K. Modin-Edman, S.I. Nilsson,E. Salomon, H. Sverdrup and S. Jonsson
- Trace elements in poultry litter: prevalence and risks 101 J.B.J. van Ryssen
- Copper and zinc in feed (additives): an essential burden? 115 P.F.A.M. Römkens, S.W. Moolenaar, J.E. Groenenberg, L.T.C. Bonten and W. de Vries
- Nutrition 137
- Improvement of balance of trace elements in pig farming systems 139 J.Y. Dourmad and C. Jondreville
- Reduction in trace element excretion in swine and poultry in the United States 143 G.M. Hill
- Zinc and copper for piglets – how do high dietary levels of these minerals function? 151 H.D. Poulsen and D. Carlson
- Bioavailability criteria for trace minerals in monogastrics and ruminants 161 J.W. Spears and S.L. Hansen
- Bioavailability of trace minerals sources in swine 177 K. Männer
- Limitations and possibilities for progress in defining trace mineral requirements of livestock 187 W. Windisch and T. Ettle
- Trace mineral requirements of fish and crustaceans 203 S.P. Lall and J.E. Milley
- Trace element status and immunity 215
- Prions and trace elements 231 D.R. Brown
- Short communications 243
- Chemical identity of crystalline trace mineral glycinates for animal nutrition 245 S. Oguey, A. Neels and H. Stoeckli-Evans
- The use of the protein hydrolysation degree as analytical possibility to differentiate trace element chelates of amino acids 247 N. Helle and D. Kampf
- First insight of copper and zinc speciation in pig slurry: sequential extraction and size fractionation studies 250
- S. Legros, E. Doelsch, A. Masion, H. Saint-Macary and J.Y. Bottero
- First insights of copper and zinc speciation within a pig slurry: an X-ray absorption spectroscopy study 253
- E. Doelsch, S. Legros, J. Rose, A. Masion, O. Proux, J.-L. Hazemann, H. Saint Macary and J.Y. Bottero
- Macro and micronutrients in anaerobically digested pig slurry: recovery of Ca and Mg phosphates and nutrient fate in soil 255 C.E. Marcato, E. Pinelli, P. Pouech, A. Alric and M. Guiresse
- Egg quality and layer performance as affected by different sources of zinc 258 H. Aliarabi, A. Ahmadi, S.A. Hosseini Siyar, M.M. Tabatabaie, A.A. Saki and A. Khatibjo
- Effects of the interaction between organic Zn and Mn on performance, mineral retention and immune response in young broiler chickens 261 G.S. Sunder, V.K. Chalasani, A.K. Panda, M.V.L.N. Raju, S.V. Rama Rao and A. Arun Kumar
- Efficacy of three organic selenium sources for growing-finishing pigs 264 Y.D. Jang, H.B. Choi, S. Durosoy, P. Schlegel, B.R. Choi and Y.Y. Kim
- Iron status of weaned piglets fed either dietary iron sulfate or iron glycinate 267 P. Schlegel, S. Durosoy and M. Dupas
- Influence of source and level of supplemented copper and zinc on the trace element content of pig carcasses 270
- A. Berk, M. Spolders, G. Flachowsky and J. Fleckenstein
- Effects of dietary inclusions of natural extracts on the mineral (Fe, Cu, Zn) status of weaned piglets 273 R.D. Criste, A. Untea, D. Torrallardona, N. Andres and I. Taranu
- Bioavailability of copper from copper glycinate in steers fed high dietary sulfur and molybdenum 276 S.L. Hansen, P. Schlegel, K.E. Lloyd and J.W. Spears
- Influence of level and source of copper supplementation on immune response in growing Nellore lambs 278 P. Senthilkumar, D. Nagalakshmi, Y.R. Reddy, H.V.L.N. Swami and K. Sudhakar
- The effect of dietary molybdenum or iron on copper status and ceruloplasmin expression in sheep 281 A.M. Mackenzie, C.L. Williams, S.G. Edwards and R.G. Wilkinson
- Quantification of the effects of copper, molybdenum and sulfur on the copper status of cattle 284 A.W. Jongbloed and J. Kogut
- Effect of chelated vs inorganic zinc on vitamin A utilization in calves 287 H. Aliarabi, A. Chhabra and S.A. Hosseini Siyar
- Effects of level and form of dietary zinc on dairy cow performance and health 290 C.M. Atkin, A.M. Mackenzie, D. Wilde and L.A. Sinclair
- Effect of manganese on reproductive performance of beef cows and heifers 293 S.L. Hansen and J.W. Spears
- Injectable trace elements increase reproduction efficiency in dairy cows 296 K. Mitchell, W.A. Smith, A. Storch, N. Michael and J. Els
- Effect of organic or inorganic selenium and zinc supplementation of ewes on ewe and lamb performance and mineral status 299 R.G. Wilkinson, A.M. Mackenzie, S.E. Pattinson and D. Wilde
- Selenium metabolism in lambs supplied with different selenium sources and levels 302 F.A. Paiva, M.A. Zanetti, F.R. Martins, L.B. Correa, G.R. Del Claro and A. Saran-Netto
- Distribution of total selenium and selenized amino acids within the edible tissues of beef cattle fed graded additions of selenized yeast 304 D.T. Juniper, R.H. Phipps and G. Bertin
- Iodine and selenium antagonism in ruminant nutrition 307 L. Pavlata, S. Slosarkova, P. Fleischer, A. Pechova and L. Misurova
- Fluorine availability from rock phosphate in sheep 310 M.A. Zanetti, F.O. Miller, J.A. Cunha, L.H.O. Silva and H.C. Humberto
- Feed supplementation of selenium enhance growth and disease resistance of Indian ornamental fish ‘dwarf gourami’ Colisa lalia 313 N. Felix
- Concluding words 317
- Summary and conclusions 319 A.W. Jongbloed
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